轰动全球!五大常任理事国今天发表联合声明,任何国家都不得发动核战争

【环球华语2022年1月3日】轰动全球!五大常任理事国今天发表联合声明,宣布任何国家都不得发动核战争,也不得将核武器瞄准彼此或其他任何国家!中文原文如下:

五个核武器国家领导人

关于防止核战争与避免军备竞赛的联合声明

中华人民共和国、法兰西共和国、俄罗斯联邦、大不列颠及北爱尔兰联合王国和美利坚合众国认为,避免核武器国家间爆发战争和减少战略风险是我们的首要责任。

我们申明核战争打不赢也打不得。鉴于核武器使用将造成影响深远的后果,我们也申明,只要核武器继续存在,就应该服务于防御目的、慑止侵略和防止战争。我们坚信必须防止核武器进一步扩散。

我们重申应对核威胁的重要性,并强调维护和遵守我们的双、多边不扩散、裁军和军控协议和承诺的重要性。我们将继续遵守《不扩散核武器条约》各项义务,包括我们对第六条的义务,“就及早停止核军备竞赛和核裁军方面的有效措施,以及就一项在严格和有效国际监督下的全面彻底裁军条约,真诚地进行谈判”。

我们愿保持并进一步增强各自国家措施,以防止核武器未经授权或意外使用。我们重申此前关于不瞄准的声明依然有效,重申我们不将核武器瞄准彼此或其他任何国家。

我们强调愿与各国一道努力,创造更有利于促进裁军的安全环境,最终目标是以各国安全不受减损的原则建立一个无核武器世界。我们将继续寻找双、多边外交方式,避免军事对抗,增强稳定性和可预见性,增进相互理解和信任,并防止一场毫无裨益且危及各方的军备竞赛。我们决心在相互尊重和承认彼此安全利益与关切的基础上开展建设性对话。

在中国外交部网站上,今天发布了这份联合声明的中文版本,重申:核战争打不赢也打不得,核武器应服务于防御目的,慑止侵略和防止战争,不将核武器瞄准彼此或其他任何国家,同时创造更有利于核裁军的安全环境,最终目标是以各国安全不受减损的原则下建立一个无核武器世界!

值得注意的是,在声明的最后,提出:将继续寻找双多边外交方式,避免军事对抗,防止毫无裨益且危及各方的军备竞赛!

查询了一下,美国白宫今天也同步发布了这份重要声明的英文版,逐字逐句比对以后发现,和中文版本完全一致,这显示了各方对本次联合声明的高度重视!

Joint Statement of the Leaders of the Five Nuclear-Weapon States on Preventing Nuclear War and Avoiding Arms Races

STATEMENTS AND RELEASES

The People’s Republic of China, the French Republic, the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and the United States of America consider the avoidance of war between Nuclear-Weapon States and the reduction of strategic risks as our foremost responsibilities.

We affirm that a nuclear war cannot be won and must never be fought.  As nuclear use would have far-reaching consequences, we also affirm that nuclear weapons—for as long as they continue to exist—should serve defensive purposes, deter aggression, and prevent war.  We believe strongly that the further spread of such weapons must be prevented. 

We reaffirm the importance of addressing nuclear threats and emphasize the importance of preserving and complying with our bilateral and multilateral non-proliferation, disarmament, and arms control agreements and commitments.  We remain committed to our Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) obligations, including our Article VI obligation “to pursue negotiations in good faith on effective measures relating to cessation of the nuclear arms race at an early date and to nuclear disarmament, and on a treaty on general and complete disarmament under strict and effective international control.”

We each intend to maintain and further strengthen our national measures to prevent unauthorized or unintended use of nuclear weapons.  We reiterate the validity of our previous statements on de-targeting, reaffirming that none of our nuclear weapons are targeted at each other or at any other State. 

We underline our desire to work with all states to create a security environment more conducive to progress on disarmament with the ultimate goal of a world without nuclear weapons with undiminished security for all.  We intend to continue seeking bilateral and multilateral diplomatic approaches to avoid military confrontations, strengthen stability and predictability, increase mutual understanding and confidence, and prevent an arms race that would benefit none and endanger all.  We are resolved to pursue constructive dialogue with mutual respect and acknowledgment of each other’s security interests and concerns.

不得不说,这份声明发布的时机,非常敏感!就在昨天2号,拜登再次与普京通话,强调,如果俄罗斯进一步入侵乌克兰,美国及盟友将采取“果断行动”,

这是拜登在12月26日与普京通话后,一周内再次通话!而据报道,在昨天的通话中,普京寸步不让,他告诉拜登,如果美国采取新的制裁措施,将可能导致美俄关系的彻底破裂!

而在东亚,形势同样不太平,中国统一意志坚如磐石,台湾岛蛙蠢蠢欲动,日本右翼火中取栗,擦枪走火的可能性越来越大,美国显然不愿意出现这种情况!

而今天的这份联合声明,显然,是五大国为降低目前全球范围内,因为地区局势日益紧张和新冠疫情导致经济增长乏力,各国之间矛盾层出不穷,冲突风险不断上升而抛出的一个定心丸!

一句话,有五大国在,打架不行!有事,还是要坐下来商量!五大国之间不打,其他国家有不服气的想找事,也不准!

显然,对于这份声明,台湾岛,日本,乌克兰这几个地方的政客似乎有一种又被出卖了的感觉!而印度,肯定也是极度不爽,凭什么不带上我一起玩?